vwin德赢投注专线

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          vwin德赢投注专线市局领导看望慰问因公受伤民警 ByQinZhongchun,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo179,2012(Total4181)sCultivatedLandResourcesSincethereformandopeningup,Chinaseconomicandsocialprogresshasdevelopedcontinuouslyandrapidly,,Chinahasat,arelativelycompletepolicysystemhascurrentlycomeintobeingand,withthelandmanagementlawastheprincipalpart,thesaidsystemtakestheoverallplanforlandutilizationandtheutilizationcontrolasthemeansandadoptsastheinstrumentsthebasicfarmlandpreservationsystem,therequisition-compensationbalancesystem,thelanddevelopment,rearrangementandreclamationpoliciesaswellasthecultivatedlandpreservation,dlandresourcesandsuchmeasuresarebeingmadeincreasinglystrict,basicsupplyofcultivatedlandresourcesforfoodproductionandforothercropproductionsisafoundationforhandlingtherelationshipsbesedbytherapidexpansionofindustrializationandurbanization,Chinahasimplementedarigorouscultivate,Chinahasunveiledregulationsrestrictinganyw,thegovernmenthasformulatedandimplementedtheOverallPlanforLandUtilization,(15mumakeonehectare)ofarablelandbytheyear2020,andhastakenthisobjectiveasa"redline"thatmustbedefendedtenaciouslyandbroughtittoeffectineveryyear,atpresent,thecultivatedlandresourceshavebeenwellpreservedonthewhole,andthesupplyofarablelandresourcesforfoodsafetyhasbeenbasicallyguaranteed,,thankstothepreservationofthecultivatedlandresources,Chinasgrainacreagehasmountedupsteadily,andthecountryendedonthestate-formulatedOverallPlanforLandUtilization(2006~2020)tomapout,theyhavedrawnupvariouskindsofplansincludingregionaldevelopmentplansandurbandevelopmentplpreservation,theprovincesandmatedlandresourcesTherequisition-compensationbalanceofcultivatedlandresourcesisoneofthemostimportantmanagementmeasu,remarkableresultshavebeenachievedunderthesystem,notonlyprovidingvaluablespacefortheaccelerationofurbanization,butalsoeasingtoacertainextentthepressurecausedbynon-agriculturallan,thenati,200millionmuoflandresourcesofvarioustypeswererearranged,reclaimedanddevelopedwithgreatefforts,andthearablelandresourceswereincreasedby31millionmu,,betteringtheconditionsforagriculturalproduction,suchasfieldirrigationworks,networksofforestsandroads,improvingthequalityofthearablelandresourcesandlayingasol,currentlyvariouslocalitiesareseekingself-balanceormakinglandadjustmentwithotherlocalitiesmainlythroughexploitationofunutilizedlandonamassivescale,throughrenovationofsomepoorarablelandresourcesavailableinruralareasandthroughsupplementationandincreaseofarablelandresourcestoprovidelandquotasfornon-ag,inaccordancewiththepolicyof"supplementingarablelandresourcespriortolandoccupationforconstructionpurposes","supplementingthearablelandresourcesequivalenttothoseoccupiedfornon-agriculturalconstructionpurposes"and"makingarequisition-compensationbalance",relevantdepartmentsoflandandresourcesofvariouslocalitiesmakeinvestigationsandsetuplandrearrangementprojectsand,inthelightofthestate-issuedarablelandoccupationplansfornon-agriculturalconstructionandthearablelandsupplementationplans,,organizetheconstructionoftheprojectsaccordingtotheconstructionprojectmanagementmeasuresandexercisesupervision,ementedarablelandandimprovethequalityofnewly-increasedarableland,:First,theyhavepeeledthearablelayersoffthelandoccupiedbynewly-increasedroadsandditchesinthefieldsforconstructionworks,thefarmlandoccupiedbycentralvillagesorcompactcommunities,andslopelandrenovatedintoterracedfields,andmovedthepeeled-offfertilesoiltonewarablelandtoimprovethequalityofnewly-increasedarablelandandincreasethesoilfertility;second,throughcomprehensiveimprovementofthefields,waterresources,roads,woodsandvillagesintheprojectareas,theyhaveimprovedmedium-andlow-yieldfields,renovatedslopelandintoterracedfields,transformeddampfieldsandbuiltdrainageandirrigationcanalsandditches;andthird,basedonthestandardof100yuanforeachmuofnewly-increasedarableland,theagriculturaldepartmentshaveconductedsoil-testingformula-fertilizationintheprojectareasand,tomeettherequirementforagriculturalindustrializationafterthecompletionofprojects,haveputforwardsoilimprovementreportsandhavetestedthesoilimprovementaftercompletionoftheprojects.XiaoJunyanChinahasscoredth~2010period,grainoutputincreasedatanaverageannualrateof3%,grainoutputstayedabovethe500-billion-kilogramlevelforfourconsecutiveyears,sfoodsecurity,namelyfragilebalance,forcedbalanceandstrainedbalance(orthreeweaknessesforshort),"landfinance"pressureonregionalgovernments,themushroomingofruralhouseswithlimitedpropertyrights,theaggravationoffarmlanddegradationandpollution,thedeclineinagriculturallaborquality,,the"threeweaknesses"ofChinasfoodsecuritywillbecomeevenmoreprominentifChinafailstomakecorrectstrategicadjustments,offerstrongpolicysupport,,theshortageofwaterresourcesandthedeclineinfarmlandquantityandqualitywillhaveaseriousimpactonChinasFoodSecurityinPastDecadeForlong,poornaturalendowmentandhugepopulationhaveledtothe"threeweaknesses"ofChina,,forcedbalancereferstoincreasedeconomicandsocialinputsandstronggovernmentadministration,andstsupplyanddemand,withasmallsurplus,,however,importedgrainhasclaimedarisingproportioninChinas95%"threeweaknesses"ofChina,whiletotalgrainoutputincreasedforsevenyearsinarowforthefirsttime,th,Chinasgrainimport,mainlysoybean,becameanindispensablecomponentrelatedtoChina,Chinasgrainimportapproached10~20milliontonsonlyinfourseparatedyears,~2010period,however,Chinasnetannualgrainimpo,importedgrain,mainlysoybean,%ofChina,importsubstitutionhasbeenprominentinChina,Chinasgrainreservewasequivalenttoabout40%ofitstotalannualconsumption,whichwasfarhigherthanthe18%,grainreserveisamulti-yearaccumulationofgrainsurplus,~2008periodwasdeducted,,whichwasequivalenttoonlyabout10%,mass"landimport",Chinasoilseed-growingacreageisabout200millionmu(15mumakeonehectare),whichisfaroutnumberedbyt,thegrowingacreageofannualsoybeanimportexpandedfrom100millionmuto442millionmuduringthe2001~%ofChina,theimportofediblevegetableoil,whichhasacloserelationshipwithgrainsubstitutionhasrisensharply,fromlessthan2milliontonstoover9milliontonsinthe2000~,theaverageannualimportduringthe2007~2010periodwasabout8milliontons,accountingforabout40%ofChina,itequalstoanimportofover40milliontonsofsoybean,,Chinasrisingdependence,,itisanindicationthattheriseindomesticgrently,Chinaspercapitagrainconsumptionis395kilogramsandishighlylikelytoreach410~sconsumptionofmajorfooditemsh,theruralleveloffoodconsumptionisfarlowerthantheurbanlevel,withtheruralspendingonfood,meat,poultry,,ndassumingtheruralconsumptionofanimalfooditemswillreach70%oftheurbanlevelby2020,endingonhousing,medicalcareandeducation,eachpersoninChinawillconsumeanadditional15~~415kilogramsofgrain,thetotalgraindemandwillreach585~592billionkilogramsby2020(includingdirectfoodconsumption,feedconsumption,industrialconsumption,andseeds).ByLongGuoqiang,ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCInternationalTradeNo1,,withdeepeningeconomicglobalizationandwidelyappliedinformationtechnology(IT),serviceshave,includingficit,revealingthatChinaativeadvantages,itisofmajorimportanceforChinatoconstantlypromoteitsinternationalcompetitivenessintermsoftradeinservicesforitsforeigntraderestructuring,whichhasagreatstrategicsignificanceforchangingChina,developingtradeinservicesisnecessaryforboostingChinaestimporterofgoods,inglobalizationitsti,basicfactorsthathaveaneffectonthecountryscomparativeadvantagesarechanginginaprofoundmanner,wagestoordinaryworkersarerisingfastandtheinternationalcompetitivenessoflabor-intensiveproductsisweakening,butthequalityoflaborhasimprovedremarkably,workersyearsofeducationhaveincreasedgreatly,andthenumberofuniversitygraduateshasswelledrapidly–,ontheonehand,givefullplaytoChinasadvantageinhumanresources,,theaveragepayoftheserviceexportsectoris22%alcompetitivenessofChina,buttheoverallstrengthofindustrychains,thatdeterminestheinternationalcompetitivenessofacountry,wecaneffectivelyimprovetheoverallcompetitivenessofChinasmore,developingtradeinservicescanextendthevaluechainbywhichChinaparticipatesintheinternationaldivisionoflabor,andelevateChinaoftheglobalvaluechainofproduction,andextendingtowardsbothendsofthe“smilecurve”–RDservicesandprofessionalservices,twosectorsofhighvalueadded–representsthedi,developingtradeinserviceshelpsimproveChina,developingtradeinservicesisaneffectivewaytopromotethedevelopmentofChinael,,booststhetrainingofinternationaltalents,sharpenscompetitioninthedomesticservicemarket,,developinheexcessinternalcontrolthathasledtoinadequateopeningtotheoutsideworld,whileopeningupserviceindustriestotheoutsideworldwillhelpreform,developing,internaldemanddeterminesthelow-levelsupplystructureofserviceindustries,whilemakingfulluseofthemarketsofdevelopedcountrieshelpsachievetheeconomiesofscaleinhigh-endserviceindustries,,developingtradeinservingproblemforChina,,ithelpsoptimizetheindus,itisconducivetoenergyconservationandemissionsreducti,ittorthataffectstheefficiencyofChina,forinstance,logisticstakeuplessthan10%ofGDP,butitsnearly20%inChina–suggestingtosomeextentthelowefficiencyofChina,,thoughatageographicdisadvantageintermsofgoodsexport,arenotgeographicallyconstrainedtodeveloptradeinsomeservices;transactionsinserviceoutsourcingrequireonlyaccesstotheInternet,andprojectcontracting,exportoflaborservice,,weeninlandregionsandcoastalones,butalsobringmorejobsandincometouniversitygraduates,constructionworkers,1,ChinasforeigntradeinservicestotaledUS$,ranking4thintheworld,includingUS$(ranking4thintheworld)andUS$(ranking3rdintheworld).Between2004-2008,China%,,thegrowthrateofChina%in2008to-12%in2009,,%,,%,%.Figure1showsclearlythatChinasserviceexporthaswitnessedviolentfluctuations.Therapiddevelopmentoftheserviceindustryhasbeenamajortrendintheglobaleconomicstructuraladjustment,andChinacouldtakethisopportunitytomakeabreakthroug,theChineseeconomywillencountersuchopportunitiesasdeepeningthereform,expandingdomesticdemandandenhancingthecountrysstatusininternationaldivisionoflabor,andconditions,andbasedonthelawofevolutionfortheinternalstructuresoftheserviceindustriesoftypicalindustrializedcounties,suchastheUnitedStates,France,Germany,JapanandSouthKorea,thispaperanalyzesthedevelopmentofChinasserviceindustryandlooksaheadonthefuturedevelopmentofthecountrysServiceIndustryandItsMainFeaturesInternationalexperiencegainedinthedevelopmentoftheserviceindustryshowsthatthedevelopmentofserviceindustryinChinaisparallelwiththeindustrialdevelopment,andthecircu,theinternalrestructuringofChinasserviceindustrytalliesbasicallywiththefactsandexperiencespresentedbytypicalindustrializedcountriesandthedevelopmentoftheproducerservicestallieshighlywithinternationalexperiences;yettheoverallleveloftheserviceindustryfallsshortand,inparticular,theaddedvalueoftheciopment,withitsproportiononaratherlowsideSincethereformandopeningup,China~2011,%inrealterms,%duringthesameperiod,,~2011,theannu%,~,theproportionoftheaddedvalueofChina%%,Chinasper-capitaGDPtopped5,430USdollars(calculatedinUSDatcurrentprices),equivalentto8,594internationaldollars(calculatedininternationaldollarsin1990).Accordingtointernationalexperience,Chinasserviceindustryiswitnessingitssecond-stagedevelopment,namely,aperiodinwhichthedevelopment,in2011theproportionoftheaddedvalueofChinasserviceindustryinthecountrysGDPwasalmost15percentagepointslowerthanthatofSouthKorea,27percentagepointslowerthanthatofGermanyandJapan,andmo,theproportionofChinasserviceindustrypresentsitselfidenticalwithinternationalexperiences,thedecreasingproportionoftheserviceindustryhasbeendwindlingincontrasttothedirectcomparisonsconductedinthesameyears,,thestatisticalunderesindustrybutdevelopsatalevelevidentlylowerthanthelevelfeaturingtypicalindustrializedcountriesduringsamedevelopmentperiodsAccordingtoSingelmanns"QuarteringMethod",resultsfromsortingouttheindustry-classifieddataonChinasserviceindustryfindthat,from1990suptothepresent,thecirculatingserviceindustryhasalwaysbeenthemostessentialindustryinChina~1996,theproportionoftheaddedvalueofthecirc%%,%,theproportionofthecirculatingindustryremainedrelativelystable,%in2010(Figure1).Figure1 ChangesinInternalStructureofChinasServiceIndustryDuring1991~2010Comparedtothesamedevelopmentperiodsexperiencedbytypicalindustrializedcountries,thedevelopmentlevelofChina,000~9,000internationaldollars,theproportionoftheaddedvalueofChinascirculatingserviceindustryturnedout6~10percentagepointsorsolowerthanthatoftheUnitedStates,FranceandSouthKorea,and3~5percentagepointslowerthanthatofJapanandGermany(Figure2).Figure2 ContrastbetweentheProportionofChinasCirculatingServiceIndustryandTypicalIndustrializedCountriesInaddition,comparisonoftherelationshipsbetweentheproportionoftheaddedvalueofChinascirculatingserviceindustryandsecondaryindustryandthatofJapan,SouthKoreaandFranceinthesameperiodofdevelopmentdemonstratesthatthedevelopmentofChinascirculatingserviceindustryisonthewholeconsistentwiththelawsrevealedbyinternationalexperience,thatis,duringthemiddleandlaterperiodsofindustrialization,theproportionofthe%featuringthecirculatingserviceindustriesofJapan,SouthKoreaandFrance,theproportionofChina,whichtallieshighlywiththatofthetypicalindustrializedcountriesduringthesamedevelopmentperiodsSince1990s,theproportionoftheaddedvalueofChinasproducerservicesinthecountry%%,thoughhitbyanarrayoffactorssuchastheinternationalfinancialcrisisin2008,theproportionofproducerserviceswentdownslightly,yettheindustrywasnothamperedseverely. 


          --Ananalysisofeconomicsituationinthefirstquarterof2013andprospectsforthewholeyearDRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceDespitetheoveralleconomicupturnworldwidesince2013,structuralcontradictionsandriskshaveincreasedintheChineseeconomy,whenreductionoflong-andmedium-termpotentialgrowthrat,weshouldaimthemacroeconomicpoliciesatproperlyhandlingtherelationshipsbetweenstableeconomicgrowth,,throughadoptingrelevantreformmeasures,releasethegrowthpotential,consolidateinvestmentandincreaseconsumption;innovateonsectoralregulationpatterns,activelyandsteadilymitigateovercapacityandfacilitatethereadjustmentofeconomicstructure;adoptthepolicyofstoppinguploopholeswhileopeningupnewchannelssoastograduallyreleasefinancialrisks,toconstantlyimprovethequalityofgrowthandeconomicbenefitan%Inthefirstquarter,theglobaleconomicperformancetookaturnforthebetter,whichhelpedtodriveforwardthe,theChineseeconomyiswitnessingareductionoflong-andmedium-termpotentialgrowthratesintertwinedwiththeweakrecoveryoftheshort-termeconomiccycle,increasedstructuralcontradictionsandrisksas,stableinvestment,theupturnperformanceofworldeconomyandpublicexpectationsforeconomicimprovement,China%inthefirstquarter,whichisalittlelowerthaninQ42012,%.orscoexistedwithnegativeonesPositivefactorsonthedemandsideincluded:first,exportgrowthroseevidently,%,,China,infrastructureandrealestateinvestmentmaintaineditsupturnmomentum,andthenominalgrowthexceeded20%.Theurbanfixedassetinvestmentmaintainedasteadygrowthand,amongothers,investmentgrowthspeededupinChina,,,%,,,duringthefirstquarter,%,soverallgrowthrate,,accountingforanaverageratioof34%overrecent5years,anditwill,incaseofacontinuousdownturn,insomeindustriesIncontrasttothedifferentiationofthedemandside,,theyear-on-yearaccumulativegrowthoftheindustrialaddedvaluehadremainedat10%,importantindustrialproductssuchasautomobiles,steel,cement,integratedcircuit,powerandcommunicationequipment,stsintheinteractiverelationshipbetweensupplyanddemand,,enterpriseswi,,thecontinuityoftheriseininventoryisdetermpo,,,thecapacityutilizationinsuchindustriesassteel,automobile,cement,nonferrousmetal,textile,hsectorsasinfrastructureandrealestate,whichareanimportantdrivingforcefordemandgrowth,,excessivelyrapidgrowthofdemand,ifany,islikelytostimulatethegrowthofinvestmentinovercapacityindustries,mprovethecapacityutilizationtoacertainextentwithoutincurringenormousinvestmentstimulusbutgainingtimeforthereduction%Theworldeconomicsituationisbetterthanlastyear,boththetertiaryandmanufacturingindustriesareexpanding,andthecapacityutilizationhashitanall-timehighover62monthstime;therealestatesectorcontinuestorevive,withthehousingsalesreachingarecordhighover39months;theemploymentfigurehasreachedthepre-crisislevel,%;andcorpor,thePMIofEurozonesserviceandmanufacturingindustries,theeconomicboomindexaswellastheinvestmentconfidenceindexalldroppedinMarch,d,thereturnrateofnationaldebttreasurybondsofvariousEurozonecountrieswentdownnotably,bytheShinzoAbegovernment,,,theeconomicobserverprospectsindexadandfourthquarterslastyear;andinFebruary,PMIsoftheBRICcountriesalltopped50,suggestingthew,itispredictedthatChinasexportgrowthwillreachabout10%....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.好运电竞平台中国自由贸易区服务网 ByLiWei,DRCPresidentIntheDecisiononMajorIssuesConcerningComprehensivelyDeepeningReformsadoptedattheThirdPlenarySessionofthe18thCPCCentralCommittee,itispointedthateffortsaretobemadetoenhancetheconstructionofnew-typethinktankswithChinesecharacteristic,PresidentXiJinpinghastwicegivenimportantinstructionsontheconstructionofthinktanksandstressedthatgreatimportanceshouldbeattachedtothinktanksasanimportantcomponentpartofChinassoftpower,andmajoreffortsshouldbemadetoexploretheorganizationalformsandmanagementstyles,ontheonehand,indicatethatbuildingthinktanksisanimportanttooltoadvancethemodernizationofthenationalgovernancesystemandgovernancecapability,and,ontheotherhand,makeclearthefundamentalorientationandgeneralrequirtemThinktanks,alsoknownas"braintrust",generallyrefertoprofessionalinstitutionsonpublicpolicies,whosemainfunctionistoprovidehigh-qualityoptionsforpolicy-makerstosolveeconomic,,inthemodernsense,cameintobeinginWesterncountriesinthe19thcentury,asaresultofthespecif,theworldspoliticalpowerandeconomicorderhaveundergonedeachcountry,theadvicesgivenbyindividualcounselorscouldhardlymeettheneeds,team-basedthinktankswereurgentlyneededtoprovidehigher-qualityandprofessionaloptandwithimprovedcounselingservicestheyforgedcl,theyhavebecomeanimportantcomponentpartofthestategover,thenumberofoutstandingthinktanksacrosstheglobeamountedto6,,beforetheSecondWorldWartherewereonly20oddthinktanksincludingtheBrookingsInstitutionandtheHooverInstitutiononWar,RevolutionandPeacewhereasitsnumberofthinktankshadincreasedto1828by2013,formingarelativelycom,inthemodernsense,aremainlyengagedinraisingprofessional,objectiveandindependentproposalsonpublicpolicies,helpingpolicy-makersformulateandimplementrelevantpolicies,,culturaltraditionanddevelopmentstage,thinktanksintheWesterndevelopedcountriesaremainlysocialorganizationsindependentfromthegovernmentsystem;whileinEastAsianareas,governmentsofmajoreconomiesactivelybuiltalargenumberofthinktanksinthelate20thcentury,bearingthespecialfeatureof"government-run",actsandbills,thegovernmentsorpartiesofWesterncountriesoftenholdin-depthdiscussionsandmakerepeateddemonstrationswithrelevantthinktanks,stermofoffice,theAtlanticCouncilcompletedChinaPolicyintheNextDecade,whosemainpdefame,thankstoitssuccessfulpredictionandstrategicresearchonsuchmajorinternationaleventsasthelaunchingtimeofRussiansfirstsatellite,thewithdrawalofAmericantroopsfromVietnam,theestablishmentofSino-USdiplomaticrelations,theCubanmissilecrisis,,thespeechesordebatesonpublicpoliciesatlegislaturesbyMPsinWesterncountriesareactuallyabattleamongdifferentthinktanks."ComprehensiveSafeguardStrategy"putforwardbyNomuraResearchInstitute(NRI)(KDI)contributedtheirwisdomandhelpedtheg,itsnotdifficulttoseethatthequalityofthinktank,,threlevantoptionsandproposals,makedemonstrationandevaluationonrelatedactionplansandimplementationeffects,,theycaninspirepeoplesociety,expertsandscholarsfromthinktankswritearticles,publishworksandmakecommentsand,,thinktankscanputforwardpoliticalviewsfromanobjectiveandfairstandpointandp,"arevolvingdoor",theg,afterleavingtheirpostsoraftertheirretirement,getengagedinpolicyresearchworkinrelevantthinktanks,overnmentandthinktanksandfacilitatethelattersIsaRequestofOurTimesDuringtherevolutionaryperiodandtheearlystageofconstruction,theCPChadattachedgreatimportancetotheworkofpolicyconsultation,investigationandresearch,butteaupdrive,ChinaestablishedinstitutionsonpolicycounselingandresearchsuchastheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences(CASS)andtheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC).AccordingtothestatisticsofShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,thereareover200relativelyactivethinktanksinChina(notincludingcollegeanduniversitythinktanks)andacommondevelopmentpatternhastakeninitialshape,withofficialthinktanksworkingasthemainstayandsupplementedbyuniversity,ellasthehotanddifficultissuesinChinaseconomicandsocialdevelopment,alltypesofthinktankshaveearnestlyfulfilledtheirdutiesandproducedanumberofvaluableresearchfindingsforpolicymaking,Theimpactresultingfromtheimplementationofrelevantresearchresultshavepushedforwardscientificanddemocraticdecisionmaking,andmadecontributionstoChina,duetotheirgoodwork,becomequitewell-knownintheworld.---Ananalysisofeconomicsituationin2013andprospectsfor2014LiuShijin,YubinChenChangshengThisyearmarksthebeginningoftheoverallimplementationofthespiritofthe18thNationalCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChinaandtheconjuncturetoacceleratedevelop,theChinesegovernmentadoptedaseriesofregulatorymeasures,whicheffectivelyguidedthemarketexpectationandledeconomicoperationtoturnaroun,restrictedbystructuralproblems,thefoundationofcurrenteconomicrecoveryremainsunstable,%.Lookinginto2014,asinternationaleconomystabilizesingeneralanddomesticdemandgrowthfacesdownwardpressure,theeconomicgrowthispredictedtobeslightlyhigherthan7%.Whileimplementingprudentfiscalandmonetarypolicies,Chinashouldadheretotheguidelineofseekingimprovementinstabilityandpromotingprogressthroughstability,strivetoreleasethedividendofreformandstimulatemarketenergyandsocialcreativity,soastosubstantiallyreducecorporateoperationalcostandpromoteeeExtrusiveSinceJuly,economicoperati,thoughgrowthremainedlow,falsetradingconsiderablyreducedcomparedwiththebegineffectonupper-streamindustriesincludingheavyindustrybyover20%,scopeexpansionofVATforbusinesstax,administrationstreamliningpowerdelegationtolowerlevels,graduallyrelievedrestrictionforrailwayinvestmentaswellasthesettingupof,,,ture,growthofheavyindustriessuchascoalferrousmetalmininganddressing,steel,,realestateinvestmentdistinctlyfellbackinAugust,ecreased,andcoalinventorydaysofmajorplantsincreasedfromaround15daysinAugustto19days,,cokingcoal,coke,,,therebounddidn,economicrecoveryisfirstrefl,,,%onayear-on-yearbasis,;meanwhile,therheroleofmaintainingproductionandabsorbinginventory,butdidn’tcausethevirtuouscycleofincreasedinventory,,,,%onayear-on-yearbasis,%.Amongthem,newprofitsofpowerandheating,petroleumrefiningandcoking,,%(1),anditwasexpectedthatM2shareinGDPattheendofAugustwouldexceed200%,problemssuchasthemismatchofallocationofresourcesandtermsinthefinancialsystemwereextrusive,andcapitalchainkeptextendinuchasrealestateandinfrastructure,andliabilitiesofindustrialenterpidexpansionofmonetarycredit,furthertwistedfinancialresourceallocation,pushedmarketinterestrateup,andsqueezedoutcapitaldemandofsmallandmediumenterprises.(2),changeswiththerealestatemarketinfirst-tierandsecond-tiercitiesaswellasthird-tierandfourth-tiercitiestendedtobeconsi,aftertherapiddevelopmentinrecentyears,ngandlandandstartedtoseesupplyexceeddemandduetocon,inordertopromotemunicipalconstructionandmaintainfiscalbalance,localgovernmentscontinuedtosupplyland,causingh,firsndpublicservices,,theshareoflandforhousinginthesecitieswaslowandbothlandandhousingwereinshortsupply,whichintensifiedthepressureofpricerisingandcausedthebubbletofurtherexpand.ByGuShuzhongZhangLiangHongTao,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReportNo3,morehillyslopesdeterminetheimportantstatusofandrolesplayedbyhillyslopesintermsoflanddevelopmentandutilizationChinasmountainousregionsandhillylandsmakeup65%ofthecountry,thelandreclamationratehasbeenlowerthan10%,inZhejiang,70%aremountainousregions,23%areplainsand6%(15mumakeonehectare),,yettheareaofhillocksandgentleslopesisequivalenttothatofthearableland;theprovinceofYunnanhasapercentageof94%ofmountainousandsemi-mountainousregionsandapercentageofonly6%,plainsandbasinshavebeendevelopedconsiderablyandthoseareregionswherepopulation,,thepotentialfordevelopmentofthoseregionshavebecomelimited,yetthoseregionsareshoulderingtheresponsibilityandpressureofensuringeco,exploitingandutilizingmowlevelonthewholeandthepotentialsandprospectsforanoveralldevelopmentandutilizationarehugeandbroad(1),,suchhilloc,hillocksandgentleslopesareatypical"marginalland",amarginaltypeamongvarioustypesofland,thuscausingtheinstabilityoftheland,andchangesareapttohappeninusesofthelandandthelandiseasilyusedasforest,grass,arableandconstructionland,whichisusuallyknownas"marginalswitchofuses".(2)elopmentandutilizationofhillocksandgentleslopesinZhejiang,theprovincehas36millionmuintotalofutilizablehillocksandgentleslopes,ofwhich33millionmuaresuitableforfarming,%;,%;520,000muarehardtoutilize,%.TheareaofthehillocksandgentleslopesinZhejiangisequivalenttothatoftheprovincesarableland,yetthehillocksandgentleslopeshavelimitedpopulationandindustries,,thecountrywidehillocksandgentleslopesaccountforapproximately10%ofthetotallandarea,beingbasicallyequivalenttothenationalarablelandstock.(3)D:,residentiallandandinfrastructureland(road,drainage,sewagetreatment,trashtreatment,water-supplyandpower-supplyfacilities,etc.).Theselandtypescanbeusedaslandresourcesfortheconstructionofcitiesandtoweisureandlandscapeareasaccordingtotheirspecificconditionsandtheoverallplanning,whichisbeneficialtothemaintenanceoftheecologicalenvironmen,moreplainscanbeobtainedasarablelandthatismoresuitablefsarablelandthroughnecessaryproj,hillocksandgentleslopescanbeutilizedaslandresourcesfordevelopingnewenergyresources(windpowerandsolarpower).portantwayforrelievinglandshortageatpresentperiod(1)Theplightsofensuringtheeconomicdevelopmentandmain,urbanizationandmodernizationcurrentlytakingplaceinChina,therehasbeenarobustdemandforland,especiallylandforconstruction,,Chinaisconfronted,andwillbelongconfrontedwiththepressureandchallengeoffoodsecurityandtherehasbeenanever-increasingpressureandrequirementforprotectingarableland."Ensuringtheeconomicdevelopmentwhilemaintainingtherock-bottomamountofarableland"hasbeenandwillbe,withinalongperiodoftime,forconstruction.(2),thehillocksandgentleslopes,asthe"marginalland",havebecomethetargetandhopeforrelievingtheplights:constructionlandsupply,aswellasoneofthemainchannelsforprovidingimportantlandresourcesforindustrialization,urbanizationandconstructionofthenewcountryside;ablelandoccupiedforindustrialization,urbanizationandconstructionofthenewcountrysideandinfrastructurefacilitiesandforeffectivelyprotectingarableland;(thoughthechoiceisnowatissueandshouldnotbeadvocatedatpresent)forcomplementingarablelandresourcesaccordingtolocalconditions;tureandforgraduallyrealizingthemaximumefficiencybyutilizingthelandforfarming,sGovernmentonAdvancingtheOverallDevelopmentandUtilizationofHillocksandGentleSlopesdemonstratesthat"theoveralldevelopmentandutilizationofhillocksandgentleslopesisamainwayforrealizingtheequilibriumbetweenoccupationandsupplementationofarableland,aneffectiveapproachforguaranteeingthereasonablelanddemandineconomicandsocialdevelopmentandanimportantmeasureforfacilitatingtheconstructionofthenewsocialistcountryside".ThusitcanbeseenthatZhejianghadanapparentintentionofdevelopingsomehillocksandgentleslopesintsGovernmentonStrengtheningArableLandProtectionandPromotingtheScientificDevelopmentofUrbanizationobservesthat"effortsshouldbemadetoearnestlychangetheurbanandrurallandusepatterns,tostrictlyprotectarablelandparticularlythefinelandindamareas,topromotetheeconomyandeffectiveutilizationoflandresourcesandtofacilitatethescientificeconomicandsocialdevelopment".ThusitcanbeseenthatYunnansintentionforexploitingandutilizinghillocksandgentleslopeswasinthefirstplacetoprotectthefinearablelandonwhichthepeopleofYunnanrelyforsurvivalwhereasindustrializationandurbanizationwasa"mandatoryoption". 


          假日国际手机版app下载ByZhangLiangGuShuzhong,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesResearchReportNo193,2011Extre,theincreasinglyglaringcontradictionbetweenrtagehasbecometheworstbottleneckimpairingurbandevelopmentandperformanceofBeijinguaranteewatersupplyinBeijing(1)Theamountofper-capitawaterresour,,calculationindicatesthattheamountofannualper-capitawaterresourcesisonly107cubicmeters,beingmuchlowerthantheinternationallyacknowledgedannualper-capitawatershortagecordonof1,000cubicmetersand,withtheever-increasingnumberofpermanentresidents,theamountofper-capitawaterresourceswillcontinuetodecrease.(2)Theamountofprecipitationandotherwatersuppliesareinseriousshortsup~2010was475millimeters,(ndgroundwaterresources),,theamountofaverageannualprecipitationhasdecreasedby20%inrecent11years,thetotalamountofwaterresourceshasdroppedby44%,thevolumeofentrywaterhasreducedby77%andtheamountofwaterresourcesfromMiyunReservoirandGuantingReservoirhasdecreasedby79%.Asaresult,theamountofusablewaterresourceshasdecreasedsharply.(3)Groundwaterresourceshavebeenoverlyextractedandtheamountofurban,Huairou,PingguandChangpingDistri,thegroundwaterlevelwasabout10metersdeepundergroundandthewaterlevelhasdroppedanannualaverageof3~beenobserved,,inwatersupplysecuritywillcontinuetoincreaseinBeijingduringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiodThe12thFive-YearPlanperiodwillbethemostdifficultperiodforwatersupplyinthehistoryofBeijingand,inparticular,thehardshortfall,thatduring2011~~,~,andt~,~etersrespectivelyin2009and2010that,throughsuchmeasuresascontinuingtooverlyextractgroundwater,drawingonMiyunReservoirandwideningtheuseofregeneratedwater,therewillstillbeahardshortfallof450millioncubicmetersinwatersupplyanddemandinthe6urbandistrictsofBeijing,ofwhichtheyearlywatershortageduring2011~2014willreach370million,380million,undertheSouth-NorthWaterDiversionProject,with800millioncubicmeterstobedistributedtotheurbanareas,butifextractionofemergencywaterresourcesisstopped,thetapwatersupplywellsareconservedandtheself-supplywellsarereplaced,,hewatersupplyrestraintswillbecomeallthemoreconspicuousWhenlocalwaterresourcesbecomelesscapableofmeetingwaterdemand,transferringwaterfromotherplac,Beijingsuccessivelytransferredwatertwicefromotherprovinces,withthefirsttransferfromHebeiwith200millioncu,Beijinghasponedfrom2010to2014,thediversionofwaterresourcescannotbeconductedonalargescalein3~5yearstime,therefore,transferringwaterfro,whendeterminingtransferprices,i,andrelevantecologicalcompensationswerenotgiventoplacesofwatersupply,thelocalinterestsweredirectlyimpaired,,HebeiandShanxiarewater-starvedprovinces,whicharesufferingfromwatersupplyshortfalls,thus,thetwoprovinceshavemuchdifficultytransferringwatertoBeijing,rojectsandwater-guzzlingprojectshavenotbeencontainedeffectivelyOnonehand,whennewly-builtprojects,afterdemonstrationanalysis,areputforwardforexaminationandapproval,,andtherelatedindicatorsareincomplete,plus,project-conductingunitsevadeexaminationsandfalselyreportwater-consumptioninformationnowandthen,incurringforcedwatersupplyaftertheprojectshavebeenstarted,,incaseofseriouswatershortage,s,intermsoftheservicesector,thenumberofso,000bathcenters,175golfcourses,22skiresortsandmorethan9,000carwashcentersinBeijingconsume10%orsoofthecitysyearlywaterconsumption.江苏省发展和改革委员会 政策规划 《江苏省国民经济和社会发展第十三个五年规划纲要》印发实施 ZhangLiqunChina,weshouldno,bytakingthedownturnoftheeconomicgrowthandtheintensifyingpressureofmarketcompetitionastheturningpoint,acceleratetheeconomicrestructuringan,suchastheunstabledemandintherealestatemarket,thedelayoftheprocessofurbanization,obstaclesagainstindustrialrestructuring,unclearpropertyrights,interestsandresponsibilitiesanddefectivefulfillmentofgovernmentduties,ralongperiodoftimeandisaleadingforceforexpandingconsumptionanddomesticdemandAtthepresenttimeandforalongperiodoftimeinthefuture,improvinglivingconditionsoftheChinesepeoplewi,carstockperthousandpersonshadreachedabout52inChina,whila,,(floorspace)inChina,whilethatofJapanandtheUnitedStatesamountedto42squaremeters(in2008)and74squaremeters(in2000),inclusiveofurbanizationprogress,fvitalimportancetoimprovingtheabilitytocombatexternalimpactandstabilizingeconomicgrowthSince2002,theconsumptionupgradingfocusedonhousitalretailsalesofconsumergoodshasexceeded50%.After2009,growthofdomesticdemandhasreliedtoalargee,particularlytheever-improvingcapabilityforthegrowthofconsumptiondemand,eofconsumptiongrowthsincethisyear3,,itispredictedthattheconsumptionwon,uncertaintiesmayincreaseevidentlsedonhousingandtransportationontoatrackofstableandsust(1)Linkinstitutionalbuildingcloselywithpolicyreadjustmentandguidehousingdemandtoastableandsusand,themostimportantistolevyhousingpropertytaxandthecapitalgainstax4,thatis,tolevytaxesonthos,weshouldactivelysupportandreasonablyguidethepurchaseofhomestobeusedastheirownerstrativecontrolovermortgageloanssoastograduallyturntherigidpurchaseofhomestobeusedastheirownersresidencesorforimprovinghomeownershousingconditionsintoaleadingforcebehindtherealestatemarketdemandandtoenhancethestabilityandsustainabilityofthegrowthoftherealestatemarketdemand.(2)ActivelycreateconditionsforentryofcarsintohouseholdsEndeavoringtoentercarsintohouseholdsisonthewholeinli,restrictingdisplacementandexhaustemissionsandlimitinguseofcars,weshouldimproveandstabilizepoliciestowardhouseholdcaruseasurbanizationUrbanizationprovidesthewidestspaceforsupportingChina,byOctober2010,Chinasurbanpopulation(permanentresidentpopulation)hadtotaled667million,%.InternationalcomparisonssuggestthatChina,whatmeritsattentionisthat,accordingtohouseholdregisters,Chinasnon-agriculturalpopulationreached450millionin2009,meaning,wewillgiveurbanhouseholdregisterstoabout500millionregister-freeurbanandruralpopulationsinChina,in31yearsfrom1978to2009,thenumberofpeo,weshouldbynomeansunderestimateChinasfutureurbani,governmentpublicserviceandlong-termplanforurbandevelopmentarethreebottleneckissuesrestrictingurbanizationprocess(1)AcceleratethereformofhouseholdregistrationsystemPilotpracticehasbe,themainproblemsexistintheopennessofthepublicwelfareandemploymentchancesthatarecloselylinkedwiththehouseholdregister,formofthehouseholdregistrationsystem.(2)EmphasisshouldbelaidonprovincialcapitalsandmunicipalitieswithindependentplanningstatustoexpeditetheenhancementofurbangovernmentsabilitytoofferpublicservicesToopenupurbanhouseholdregistration,wemustexpeditetheenhancementofurbangovernmentsonsystemtogetherwiththeacceleratedenhancementofgovernments,province-levelmunicipalities,provincialcapitalsandmunicipalitieswithindependentplanningstatus(%%ofallcities)accommodated32%formofthehouseholdregistrationsystemaswellasconstructionofgovernmentsutregistersinthesecities,wecouldexpeditetheenhancementofthepublicservicecapabilities,onthisbasis,integrateandstandardizethecontofthepublicservicesystemaccordingtourbanpopulationgrowthafterthehouseholdregistrationlimitationhasbeenloosenedsoastomatchtheimprovementoftheurbangovernmentpublicservicecapabilitiestotheneedforpopulationtransfertourbanareasandtoguaranteethegradualoverallopennessoftheurbanhouseholdregistrationsystem.ByLiZhinengWangJicheng,DRCTaskForceonLaborShortageinEnterprisesinSpring2012,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCOveraperiodoftimeaftertheSpringFestival(ChinasLunarNewYearwhichfallsonJanuary23,2012),manymassmediareportedthe"laborshortage"issueinsomelocalitiesandenterprises,whichdrewextensiveattentionofgovernmentaldepartmentsconcerned."Laborshortage"indicatestheovegdong,Zhejiang,Henan,Anhui,SichuanandShaanxiProvincestofindoutifthereisorwillreallybea"laborshortage",ReasonableandRelaxedwithaHighRateofReturntoJobs,WhichIsQuiteOppositetotheReported"LaborShortage"ZhejiangProvinceisstillfacingarecruitmentplightin2012,yetthetenselaboremploymenthasbeenalleviatedascomparedtothepreviousyear,andthelabor-starvedindustriesandtypesofworktallybasicallywiththeprovince,ahighrateofreturntojobshasbeenwitnessedamongwork,thesurveyof4,000smallandmedium-sizedenterprisesinYiwucitysuggeststhatinrecentyearsanaverageof65%ofveteranworkershavereturnedtofactoriesinYiwuandthenumberofnewworkersintroducedbyveteranworkersonlabormarketmadeupanother25%,leavingarelativelyreasonable10%,,,%ofthehome-returneesbeforetheSpringFestival,andtheti,therateofreturntojobsapproached90%.AftertheSpringFestival,therecruitmentisaimedatstaffsupplement,withtherecruitmen,employingworkerscautiouslya,themonitoringdataonlaboremploymentbyenterprisesofHenanProvincedemonstratethatthelaborshortageratewas18%,icipalitiesrevealthattherateofworkersreturntojobsexceeded70%,"recruitmentplight"ocialSecurityDepartmentamong10,654enterprisesin30state-andprovince-leveleconomican%%skeyenterprisesofelectricalhomeappliancesandfastmovingconsumergoodssawtheirratesofworkersreturntojobsaftertheSpringFestivalallexceeding90%and"enormousstaffinflowsandoutflows",GuangdongandAnhuiasaResultofEconomicGrowthSlowingDownandExportDecliningThefactthattheglobalfinancialcrisisisstillfarfromcomingto,theinternalresources,environmentalconstraintsandstructuralreadjustmentfacingChinaseconomicdevelopmenthaveallmadethedownturnofChinasGDPaverageannualgrowthrateinevitableduringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiodandareproducingachallengeto,smallandurgentordersareinlargenumber,,fromJanuary26toFebruary12,2012,,%,(February6),theprovincesstatisticalandsurveydepartmentr,tyear,suggestingthattheutilizationan,thenumberofnewlyincomingmigrantworkershasaccountedforonly5%orsoofallmigrantworkersintheprovince,beinglowerthanthelevelof10%sspeciallaboremploymentinvestigationdemonstratesthat3,966enterprisesintheprovinceareshortof50laborersormoreandtheyintendtorecruit245,000people,signifyingareductionof13,%.Labordemandonthehumanresourcesmarketisdecreasingaswellfromayearearlierandtheprincipalcauseisthatthepressureof,TransferwithinProvincesIsGrowingFast,theNumberofWorkersReturningHometownsforBusinessStartupandBackflowofSkilledWorkersHaveIncreased,yetOnlySomeNewly-increasedWorkersCanBeLocallyProvidedwithJobsAtpresent,,,,000everyyearduringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiod,whiletheprovincecanonlyprovide350,000jobs,an,Yulin,TongchuanandHabusinessstartupsintheirhometowns,entrepreneurshiptrainingandsuchpoliciesasgovernmentsupplyofsmallloansguarantees,thenumberofmigr,224,000farmershadgonebacktoShaanxitostartbusinessesandsetup98,000enterprises,providingjobsto595,,,,ysbeengrowingsince2001andthenumberincreasedto23millionin2011,,upby778,000,,down214,"NewAreasofSichuan",thekeyprojectsinChengduin2012wouldneed350,,,2millionpeopleincitiesandtownsoftheprovinceneedjobsandtherea,ononehand,thesituationofChinafacedwithapressureofitsaggregateemploymentvolumecontinuallyintensifyinghasbecomemoresevereandcomplicatedduringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiodand,ontheother,thelaborforcetransferandrivalryamongtheeastern,lusters,whilecentralandwesternregionstakeineasterncoastalregionwithinashortperiodoftimeintermsofrelativelyperfectinfrastructurefacilities,completeindustrialchains,betterlivinpacitiesincentralandwesternregionshasincreasedtheaggregatelabordemand,yetwhentakingovershiftedindustriesandenterprisesfromtheeasternregion,someprovincesandmunicipalitiesincentralabypresententerprisesandareunableatalltoabsorbtheworkingpopulationsqueezedoutfromtheeasternregioninaddressingthefinancialcrisisandexportdownturn.ChinaEntrepreneursSurveySystem(CESS),InstituteofPublicAdministrationandHumanResourcesResearchReportNo16,2013(Total4265)Inrecentyears,laborshortageandthedifficultyinrecruitingworkershavebecometheincreas,inparticular,theslowdownoftheeconomicgrowthhasaggravatedthepressureonenterprisesinemployingworkersand,meanwhile,thedeclineoftheindustrialinvestmentgrowthhasreducedenterprisesusingthelaborforceandtounderstandwhatwillhappeninthefuture,CESSconductedaquestionnairesurveyonlaborrecruitmenteveryquartersince2012,oraterepresentatives,andstratifiedrandomsamplingwasconductedamongdifferentindustriesonthebasisofChina,with1,,thisreport,whilereferringtoerstwhileCESSdata,makespacketanalysisofthreemajoreconomicareas,namely,theYangtzeRiverDeltaArea,thePearlRiverDeltaAreaandtheBeijiitingworkers:First,thelaborcostcontinuedtorise,inwhichthemonthlypayofbothaverageandtechnicalworkersincreasedonaquarterlybasis;Second,enterprisesstillfounditdifficulttorecruitworkers,,ononehand,in2012thenumberoflaborrecruitmentplansofenterprisesreducedonaquarterlybasis,andtheplanswereaimedatalargerproportionofrecruitsaged18~30,includingemployees,highschool(technicalsecondaryschoolandvocationalschool)graduatesandmaleemployees;ontheother,in2012thelaborshortagewasbeingalleviatedonaquarterlybasisandwasfurtheralleviatedamongenterprisesintheYangtze,/3oftheenterprisesplantoincreaseworkerswagesinthefirstquarterof2013,%;,thoseinBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiArea,largeenterprises,state-ersitygraduatesthanmigrantworkers,,riseinlaborc,015entrepreneursshowsthat,withregardtothemajorproblemhamperingthedevelopmentofenterprisesatthepresenttime,%oftheenterprisesmadethechoiceof"riseinlaborcost",rankingtopamong19choices,,%oftheenterprisesthoughtlaborcostrosehigherin2012thanin2011,being87percentagepointshigherthanthosethinkingthelaborcostwas"reduced".Intermsofregion,laborcostofenterprisesintheYangtzeRiverDeltaAreaandinthePearlRiverDeltaArearosehigherthanthatofenterprisesintheBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiArea;intermsofscale,laborcostofmedium-sizedenterprisesrosehigherthanthatoflargeandsmallenterprises;intermsofeconomictype,laborcostofforeign-fundedenterprisesrosehigherthanthatofstate-ownedandnon-state-ownedenterprises;inaddition,laborcostofexpo%oftheenterprisesthoughtthemonthlypayofaverageworkersamountedto2,%ofthemthoughtthemonthlypayoftechnicalworkerscameto4,000yuanorabove,%%respectivelyinthesecondquarter,%%%and36%,themonthlypayofaverageworkersshowedanupwardtrendonaquarterlybasis;themonthlypayoftechnicalworkersdroppedslightlyinthefirstthreequartersandroseinthefourthquarter(Tables12).Table1 WagesofAverageWorkersatPresent(%)ByXuXiaoqing,LiQingWuZhenjun,TaskForceon"PolicyResearchontheSupplyandDemandChangesoftheMainAgriculturalProduct,CostPriceChangesandMarketRegulations",,2011ThenortheastregionisChinasmajorgrainp,,theprovinceofHeilongjiangsawitscommoditygrainraterisingto80%,itscommoditygrainoutputreaching80billionjin(twojinmakeonekilo),anditspercapitagrainpossessionbeing2,,theprovinceofJilinpostedacommoditygrainrateof81%,acommoditygrainoutputof48billionjin,andapercapitagrainpossessionof2,blemsregardingthegrainproductionandcirculationintheregionthisautumn,,(1)Therapidincreaseofround-grainednonglutinousrice(japonicarice)hasturnedthetwoprovincesintoChina,suchassettingfloorpricesforgrainpurchase,allowingtemporarypurchaseandstorage,offeringsu,thefloorpriceforthisricehasbeenraisedseveraltimes,subsidyhasbeenincreasedannually,andsubsidyhasbeenofferedforthetemporarypurchaseandstorageandsouthwardtransportoftheregion,,%ofthecountry%ofthecountry,thethreeprovincesinthenortheasthaveaccountedformorethan80%ofthecountry,theprovinceofHeilongjianghasclaimeda53%shareofthisgrowth.(2)Expandedsownareaand~2010period,(15mumakeonehectare).Andin2011,theprovince,,structureinputs(mainlyfarmlandandirrigationimprovementandgreenhouseseedlingcultivation),theaverageunitoutputis423kilogramsforthewholeprovinceand550~~800kilogramspermu.(3)ThenortheastregionhasbecomegrowinglyimportantinChina,China,,transportingthisriceoutoftheregion,whichhashelpedtheregion,thisregionsriceisconsumedin28provincialadministrativeprovinces(autonomousregions,municipalities).Besides,,,thegrowthofthedemandforround-grainednonglutinousricehasoutpacedthegrowthofthesupplyofthisriceinrecentyears,,grainenterprises,processingenterprisesandothermarketplayershavebeenmoreenthusiasticaboutricepurchaseandasare,farmersarenolongereagertosellgrainforcash,,(1),,%,%,weatherhasbeenlargelygoodinmostcorn-producingareas,exceptforabout650,000muinJilin(%oftheprovincescorn-growingarea).Second,,%,,,,theexpandedcorn-growingare,theNorthChinaregionandtheHuanghairegionhavesamecorn-gro,upmorethan3%yearonyear.(2),bothcorn-growingacreageandco,somehigh-latitudeaing,%higherthaninthepreviousyear,%,farmershavegrowncorneveninsomesloppyland,grassland,,theprovince%%over2000.(3),(CBOT),thepriceofcornfuturesrose60%1,from1,850yuanpertonto2,sticmarketdemandhasbeenstrong,,,%.Ourfieldsurveyindicatesthatthepurchasingpriceofcornproducedinthenortheastregion,,,thepurchasingpricethisyearrangedbetween2,100~2,200yuanperton(withstandardmoisture),up17%nthusiasticaboutcorngrowing. 


          Figure4:GrowthofIndustrialValueAddedofVariousRegionsduringJanuary-August2012Whatmeritsattentionisthat,despitetherapidgrowthinChinaswesternregion,thetotalprofitsearnedbyenterprisesinman,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitiesinChinaswesternregion,thetotalamountofindustrialprofitsearnedby8regionsdecreasedascomparedwiththesameperiodoflastyear,and5oftheregionssawthedecreaseinexcessof20%,andprofitsearnedbyenterprisesinZhejiangineasternChinaandthoseinHainandroppedby20%,thingswerebetterwithChinascentralregion,where5ofthe6provincesmaintainedapositivegrowth,%,allyandtheexport-drivenenterprisesfacethemostdifficulttimeinproductionandoperationInviewoftheultimatedemandimpact,growthofbusinessincomeandprofitsofinvestment-andexport-drivenindustr,salesin%fromJanuarytoAugust,%inthesameperiodoflastyear,,amongothers,suchasnon-metallicmineralproducts(buildingmaterials),smeltingofferrousmetals(ironandsteel),manufacturingofothertransportationandcommunicationequipmentandwastematerials,decreasedbynearly20%orhigheryearonyear,andtheprofitsofexport-drivenchemicalrawmat%%,%,whilesuchratiosofexport-drivenenterprises,exceptforthoseinvolvedinthemanufacturingofinstrumentsandmeters,,theprofitratiosofthech%%respectively,andsuchratiosofotherenterprisesinvolvedintextile,furniture,stationery%-%,showinganoperatingpredicamentonthewhole.vwin德赢投注专线vironmentalsustainability,butpolitical,social,,theInternationalCommissionontheMeasurementofEconomicPerformanceandSocialProgressarguedthatoneofthereasonsthatGDPwasnotingeneralagoodmeasurewasthatGDPmetricsdidnotincludeassessmentsofsustainability:GDPcouldappeartobebothstrongandgrowing,,Iwanttofocusononeaspectofsustainability:the"social"ronmentalrisks,(andIwillarguerelated)risks:highlevelsofinequality,andespeciallyinequalityofopportunity,andalackoftrustinestablishedinstitutions,,—includingimplicationsforsocialandpoliticalstability—tappreciatetheimportanceoftrustinmakingamoderneconomyfunction;butintheabsenceoftrust,onepartywillcheatanother;eachpartywillgotogreatlengthstoinsurethatitwontorcantbecheated,orthatifitischeated,,wherevaluablesocietalresourcesaredevotedtodisputeresolution,ratherthantowealthcreation—,alargebodyofeconomicliteraturehasdevelopedfocusingontheimportanceoftrustandasenseoffairnessinsociety,,Ifirstdiscussinequality,then"trust"beforeturningtothepoliciesthatcanhelpChinamanagebothrisks.Ⅰ.InequalityOneofthegreatachievementsofChinaduringthepastthirdofacenturyhasbeenthereductioninp,,,ChinasGinicoefficient,astandardmeasureofinequality,rivalsthatoftheUS—,,thereisoftenamarkedincreaseininequality,assomepartsoftheeconomytake-offbeforeothers,inthepasthalfcentury,manydevelopingcountriesshowednotonlythatgrowthinearlystagesneednotbeaccompaniedbygreaterinequality,(Thisisevenmoresoifweusealternative,andarguablybetter,measuresofeconomicperformance,suchastheincomeofthemedianhousehold.)Somehavesimilarlyattemptedtojustifythehighlevelofinequalitybyassertingthatgrowinginequalityisaglobalphenomenon,,bothadvancedindustrialeconomiesandemergingeconomies,whichhavebuckedthetrend;inwhichinequalityisnotincreasing;:itispoliticsandpolicieswhichhaveshapedthelawsofeconomics,insomecasestoproducesocietieswithhighlevelsofequalityandequalityofopportunityandabroadsenseoffairness;andinothercases,,inforginga"marketeconomywithsocialistcharacteristics"ensurethatitspoliciesareoftheformerkind,"ensuringthatthemarkethasadecisiveroleinallocatingresources..."Butatthesametime,ittalkedabout"guaranteeingandimprovingthepeopleslivelihood...andstimulatingsocialfairnessandjustice,"guaranteeingthat"societyisbothfullofvitality,aswellasharmoniousandorderly."Marketeconomiesareoftenassociatedwithhighlevelsofinequalityandinequalityofopportunity,andinrecentdecadestheproblemsposedbytheseinequitieshavebecomemarkedlyworse,somuchsothatwhileGDP(asconventionallymeasured)hasbeengoingupinmostWesterncountries,(Wenote,however,thattheremaybelongperiodsforwhi,adjustedforinflation,GDPpercapitainFrance,Greece,Italy,Spain,andUKareallbelowthelevelattainedbeforethecrisis,morethanahalfdecadeago,insomecases,suchasGreece,,combinedwithreductionsinincome,,inthis,animportantlesson,alreadynoted:socialandeconomicrisksareintertwined.)Ifthisisthecase,doesntthemovetowardsmakingthemarketmoredecisivenecessarilyleadtogreatersocialrisksTheanswerisno,andtheReportofthe:"thecoreissuesaredealingwiththerelationshipbetweenthegovernmentandthemarket"Marketforces,evenwhentheyworkwellinthemannerthattheyaresupposedto,donotnecessarilyleadtoadistributionofincomeandwealththatisinanywayconsonantwithsocialharmony;quitethecontrary—asIhavenoted,theyoftencanle,health,,,andthesegenera,(saythemedian,whethermeasuredmorenarrowlybyincome,orevenmoreso,whenmeasuredmorebroadly,sHumanDevelopmentIndex,HDI,whichtakesintoaccountnotonlyincome,buthealthandeducation)performfarbetterthan,say,:thehigherlevelsofopportunityandthebettersystemsofsocialprotection(includingstrongersafetynets)arepartofthereasonforthesecountriesChinesecharacteristics,;therightoneswouldmitigatethemandensurethattheobjectivessetforthinthe3rdPlenumwouldbeachieved.阜宁县人民政府 在线访谈 Source:(MSEs)facedamoresternexportsituationthanlargeandsmall-sizedenterprises(LSEsandSSEs).Accordingtothepresentsurveyresults,betweenJanuaryandMaythisyear,%ofMSEssawanexportincrease,;%ofMSEssufferedanexportdecline,ssituation,thenumberofvarioustypesofenterprisesthatsufferedanexportdeclinehadincreased,andMSEsevensufferedasharperdecline,,,,%,lowerthanthatofotherindustriessurveyed;%,,rtwassignificantlyhigherthanlastyearssurveyresults,insuchindustriesasfood,textilesgarments,materialsandmachinerythe,wherethenumberofenterprisesreportinganexportincreasewas,,,thenumberofenterpriseswithanincreasedexporttoEuropeandrelevantregionswasabove50%,higherthantheexporttoothermajormarkets;thenumberofenterprises%%,ssurveyresults,thenumberofenterpriseswithadecreasedexporttovariousregionshadincreasedsignificantly,butthenumberofenterpriseswithanincreasedexporttoEurope,theUS,HongKong,Macau,,thenumberofenterpriseswitha,thos,thenumberofenterprisesreportinganexportgrowthwasabove50%inShanxi,HunanandSichuan,higherthanthatinBeijing,Guangdong,Fujianintheeasternregion;thenumberofenterpriseswithadecreasedexportinShanxi,Chongqing,HunanandSichussurveyresults,thepresentsurveyrevealsthatthenumberofenterpriseswithadecreasedexporthadrisenconsiderablyinBeijingandGuangdong,,thenumberofenterprisesrecordinganincreasedexportwasslightlyhigherinGuangdong,,materialsandmachineryindustrieswe%oftherespondentsreportedanupwardtrendofexportcostbetweenJanuaryandMaythisyear,ssurveyresults;theproportionofrespondentswithbasicallyunchangedordecreased(slightlydecreasedandsignificantlydecreased),thepressureofrisingcostsustainedbyexportenterpriseshadbeeneasedtosomeextent.sbasicnationalconditionsandtheoverallsituationofreformandopeningup,weshould,inoneortwodecadestocome,enhanceourstrategicawarenessoffurtheropening-upagriculturalsector,focusonsafeguardingnationalfoodsecurityandsupplyofmajoragriculturalproductsandtargetatbetterutilizationofoverseasanddomesticmarketsandresourcesinallrespects,soastocomprehe,weshouldformulatetheoverallplanforexpandingagriculturalopening-llyawareoftheimportanceandcomplexityoffoodsecurityforsuchapopulousdevelopingcountryaswellastheshortageofresourcesrestrainingChinaesinacoordinatedwaywhilepursuinggrainself-sufficiency,soastoensurefoodsecurityandtheeffectivesupplyofmajoragriculturalproductsandpromoteChinanvestmentandcooperationandtheestablishmentoftheglobalsupplynetworkofa,wewillstudyandworkoutaspecialplanforimplementingtheglobalagriculturalstrategytoguidejointeffortsindevelopingandutilizingglobalagricult,wewilldeepenthereformofagriculturalmanagementsystemtostrengthenaamentallysolvethesystematicproblemrelatedtodepartmentsegmentation,overlappingandmissingofmanagement,inordertoestablishandimprovethesyurity,suchasrice,intothenationalfoodsecuritystrategy,inordertofurtherimproveandstrenndimportofagriculturalproductsservingthestrategicinterestsofthenationalfoodsecurity,uritymanagementandthemechanismforthereportandsafetyinspectionregardingthexpandingagricult,wewillsetupandimprovethectionwithimportofagriculturalproducts,accordingtothechangeofthesupply-demandrelationshipandpriceofagriculturalproductsbothathomeandabroad,andeffectivelyregulateimportstoavoidshocksindningsystemagainstdamagestodomesticindustriesaswellasaquickresponsemechanism,andmakefulluseoftraderemedymeasuressuchasanti-dumping,anti-subsidiesandprotectivemeasurestoputinplaceanemergencyresponse,,Chinaneedstoactivelyparticipateinglobalagriculturalgover,itwillpromotetheestablishmentofafairandreasonableneworderrelatedtointernationalagriculturalinvestmentandtradeandmeanwhileformulateglobalruleswhichc,wewillpromotebilateralnegotiationandcoordination,withmoreeffortsfocusedonnegotiatingwithmajorcountriesonfreetradezonesandfacilitateextensivecooperationwithdevelopingcountries,,wewillsupportinternationalinstitutionssuchastheFoodandAgricultureOrganization(FAO)andnon-governmentalorganizations,andconductactivitiesrelatedtoinformationsharing,consultingadviceandassistancewngtheGlobalAgriculturalStrategyWeshouldimplementtheglobalagriculturalstrategyandbuildasustainable,ternationalmarketsandresources,soastoguaranteenatio,offerbettergovernmentplanningandservices,isiculturalinvestmentstrategyisplayedbyenterprisesratherthangovernment,asthelatterismainlyresponsibleforcreatingagoodinvestmenteprovalandtoinnovatesystemsandmechanisms,reducethegovernmentsintervention,upliftrestrictionsonoverseasagriculturalinvestmentandcooperat,suchasinternationalagriculturaltrade,overseasinvestmentandcooperation,andgetcloselya,theoperationmechanismfortheglobalagriculturalimportsupplychainwillbeestablishedwiththejointeffortsofenterprisesandthegovernment,ionalloans,andprioritizeoverseasagriculturalinvestmentandcooperationasmajorprojectsinprovidinggovernmentassistance. 


          ByLaiYouwei,GeneralOfficeofDRCResearchReportNo219,2012(Total4221)sLaborServiceDispatchingIndustryLaborservicedispatchingisotherwiseknownashumanresourcedispatch,talentdispatch,flexibleemploymentandisbasicallycharacterizedby"recruitmentbyservicedispatchingcompanieswithoutusingtherecruits"and"employersnotinvolvedinrecruitment".Servicedispatchingcompaniesaretherealemployersandundertakeresponsibilitiesasemployers,includingrecruitingemployees,handlingadmissionproceduresandsigninglaborcontractswithemployees;givingoutsalariesandsocialbenefitstoemployees;handlingsocialinsuranceandhousingfundforemployees;andattendingtoemployees,laborservicedispatchinghasnotlongexistedinChina,(FESCO)establishedin1979isinvolvedinpolicypersonneldispatch,andFESCOsservicesaremainlyaimedatworkingstaffsofforeignenterpri,someprofessionalintermed,alargenumberofpeoplewerelaidoffinChina,redundantlaborersappearedinlargenumbersinruralar,havingadaptedtotheenterprisesdemandforflexibleemployment,laborservicedispatchingindustrybroughtinlargenumbersoflaid-offworkersfromstate-ownedenterprisesandtookinmigrantworkers,,particularlysincetheimplementationoftheLaborContractLawonJanuary1,2008,therear-servicedepartmentsofsomestate-ownedenterprisesandinstitutionsandsomeforeignenterprisesbegantoemploylaborservicedispatchedworkersinlargenumbers,,therehavebeennoaccurateandauthoritativestatisticsaboutthetotalnumberofChineselaborservicedispatchedworkers,aytheMinistryofHumanResourcesandSocialSecuritywas27million,whilethenu(regionsandmunicipalities)andfromnationwideindustrialunionsshowthatthenumbersearchOfficeofAll-ChinaFederationofTradeUnionsontherealizationofemploymentandeconomicrightsandinterestsamongworkersofcountrywideenterprisesrevealthatin2011thenumberofChineselaborservicedispatchedworkerstotaledabout37million,%ofthenationaltotal,andthatthenumberofservice%,laborservicedispatchedworkersaremainlymigrantworkers,urbanlaid-offworkers,universityandsecondarytechnicalschoolgraduatesandotherurbanpersonnel,,thelabndaryindustry,whilethetertiaryindustry,especiallysomeemergingindustriesrequiring,industriesemployingbignumbersoflaborservicedispatchedworkersincludeconstruction-relatedinstallation,telecommunications,postalservice,finance,insurance,petrochemical,port,power,tobacco,oil,waterconservancy,transportationandfood,ofwhichtheproportionoflaborservicedispatchedworkersemployedbytelecommunicationindustryhasreached40%ollowingreasonshavegiventractiontotherapiddevelopmentofChina,ialsocialgroupsCurrently,ChinasserviceresourcesfoveinChina,andsegmentationofregionalmarketsexistsinvaryingdegrees,makingitdiffic,somelaid-offandunemployedpeople,departmentsconcernedorganizethemtorealizeemploymentbywayoflaborservicedispatching,,manyuniversityandsecondarytechnicalschoolgraduateshavefosteredtheconceptoffindingjobsinvariouschannels,andtheywouldgetanemploymentfirstbeforeselectingajobsoastoaccumulateworkexperiencethroughlaborservice,somewell-educatedpeoplewhoarecompetentinfindingjobsacquireemploymentthroughlaborservicedispatchingtodowhattheylike,,thelaborservicedispatchingindustrywithanewtypeofindustrialrelationisplayingagoodpartofvitalimmediatesignificanceinboostingemploymentandimprovitowardimprovingtheabilitiesoflaborservicedispatchingcompanies,tighteningsupervisionoveremployingunitsandsafeguardinneedforrecruitingworkersEnterprises,largeorsmall,,itisimpossibletotrytocaptur,personnel-relatedsupportmustbeconstantlyacquiredfromoutsideforthedevelopmentofenterprises,"seekingserviceabilityinsteadofownership".Bymeansofthisflexiblewayofemployment,enterprisescanrealizetheimmediatesu,entrustinglaborservicedispatchingcompaniestosupplylaborservspoliciesandlawsandtomitigaterisksandbringdowntheoperatingcost,someforeign-fundedenterprisesdonotsetuphumanresourcesmanagementofficesbutcontractoutthisassignmenttolaborservicedispatchingcompanikersonaseasonalbasis,,laborservicedispatchingcaneffectivelymeettheemployingneedsofsomeenterprisesandcanreducetheoperatingcosts,,privately-operatedorforeign-fundedenterprisesallhaveinternalimpetustouselaborservicedispatchedworkers.甘谷县机构编制网—事业单位法人登记信息公告 Note:=domesticoutput/(domesticoutput+netimport)*100%.ItisencouragingtoseeChina,weshouldalsonoticethestraightris,,suchimpo,butalsothatofwheat,,,,%,%,itisrelatedtopriceflu,fastrisi,importedgrainproductssuchaswheatandcornarestillpricedlowerthantheirdomesticcounterpartsdespitethetransportationexpense,,alargepriceg,theafter-taxCIFprice(cost,insuranceandfreightprice)ofimportedwheatpertonwas150to350yuanlowerthantheportpriceofhigh-qualitydomesticwheatpertonandtheafter-taxC,,,,itisattincomehaveledtoconstantlybetterdiet,poultry,eggs,dairyproducts,aquaticproductsandediblevegetableoil,etc.,,proteinandfatinChinahassurpassedtheworld,therearesignificantchangesintheconsumptionstructureofgrain:thedemandforrice,wheatandothergrainproductsp,importedproductsledbysoybeanrapidlyincrease,a,beandregscanbeusedasfoddertomeetbreedingindustry,,enfrom40%to81%,eandregscanbeusedtoboostthedevelopmentoffeed-processingindustriesandbreedingindustries,effectivesupportfordevelopingthemodernbreedingindustryandimprovingthenationaldietarystructure.vwin德赢备用网站历史性变化 全局性影响 贵州交通建设取得巨大成就 ByLiuYong,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo14,2013(Total4263)In2011,regionaleconomicgrowthdeclinedatlargeinChina,andinmostregionstheecono,economiesofvariousprovinces,%(aweightedaverageasperGRP),();GRPofvariousprovinces,();thepercapitaGRPofvariousprovinces,regionsandmunicipalitiescametoatotalof38,777yuan(being3,680yuanhigherthanthenationalstatistics).FollowingistheanalysisofChinasregionaleconomicdevelopmentpattern,,anoverviewofregionaleconomicdevelopmentinChinaindicatedthateconomicgrowthinChinascentralandwesternregionswasfasterthanthatintheeasternregion,thefocusofregionaleconomicgrowthandaggregatemovedwestwardcontinuously,therelativeregionalgapcontinuedtoshrinka,becosregionaleconomicgrowthwascharacterizedbythefactthateconomicgrowthwasfasterincentralandwesternregions,butslowerintheeasternregionsofChinawhilethefarwesternregion,themiddleandupperreachesoftheYangtzeRiverandTianjinwitnessedthefastestgrowthByregion,economicgrowthofChinascentralandwesternregionssurpassedthatofeastChinain5yearsrunningby2011andthesurpassinggrowthcontinuedtoenlarge,;thefarwesternregionsawafastergrowththanthegrandcentralregion,formingagainasequencingoffarwesternregion,grandcentralregionandneweasternregion,andthegroactonChinaseasternregion,andthatthecentralgovernmentsintensifyingin"7+1"integratedeconomicareasthatregionswhereeconomicgrowthisfasterthantheaverageofallprovincesandregionsareinturnthemiddleandupperreachesoftheYangtzeRiver,thefarwesternregion,themiddleandupperreachesofthePearlRiver,thenortheasternregionandthemiddleandupperreachesoftheYellowRiverand,regionswhereeconomicgrowthisslowerthantheaverageofallprovincesandregionsareinturnthecoastalareasofeastChina,forChinaandproducedahugeimpactonChina,amongothers,havebeenworsthitbythecrisis(coastalareasofsoutheastChinawereworsthitin2008).(SeeTable1).Table1 PatternandChangeoftheMacroeconomicandIntegratedEconomicAreasduring2002~2011Source:,CBRCsuccessivelypromulgatedsupervisionpoliciesonbank-trustcooperation,mainlyincluding:threeprinciplesoncreditassetstransfer,,completenessandcleantransfer;adjustmentofthesupervisionindicatorsforboththetransferorandthetransferee;wealthmanagementfundsshouldnotbedirectlyusedtopurchasecreditassets;commercialbanksshouldtransferoff-balancesheetbank-trustwealthmanagementcooperationbusinessintobalancesheetbeforetheendof2011,setasideloanlossprovisionsatarateof150%andincludesuchassetsinriskweightedassets;balanceofbank-trustcooperationloansshouldbereducedproportionallyby25%quarterbyquarter;%forthebank-trustcoop,theregulatoralsopromulgatedsupervisionpolicies(Table2)pertainingtotheexplicitorimplicitrepurchaseclause,truthfulnessoftradebackgroundofbillbusinessand012bytheRegulatoronWealthManagementBusinessofBanks 

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